Very interesting compilation of
biographies of the most famous type designers of the 20th century.
A must for every type addict.
Since its first publication in 1987, Twentieth
Century Type Designers has become a standard reference work for typographers,
designers and students alike. This new edition includes an examination
of the latest technological developments in the design and composition
of type, and introduces the work of some of the more recent designers
to have made their mark in this century.
Although the skeleton shapes of the letters of our alphabet hardly change,
many skilled type designers have devoted much time, sometimes their
whole lives, to drawing different versions of the outlines. This book
serves as an introduction to the concept of typefaces and to some of
the personalities who have created them--Goudy, Rogers, Koch, Gill,
Morison, Van Krimpen, Trump, Tschichold, Frutiger, and Zapf--and places
them in the context of the enormous changes that have occurred in typography.
Profiles of a new generation of typographers working in the latter half
of this century, such as Matthew Carter, Sumner Stone and others, bring
the book up to date. Working with entirely different tools than their
predecessors, they reflect the new typography in varying degrees.
The introduction in the 1880s of the Linotype and Monotype hot-metal
composing machines, and in particular the Benton pantographic punchcutter,
revolutionized the manufacture of type, and caused a flood of new typefaces.
More recently, filmsetting and digital typesetting have brought new
opportunities--as well as new disciplines. This book examines the conflicts
arising from these technological advances, which have pitted craftsmanship
against commercial interests, and forced designers to come to terms
with the new creative opportunities.
Whatever motivates type designers--whether it is the practical need
to create new faces for machines, the ideal of producing the perfect
letter-form for our age, or whether type is designed as an offshoot
of other artistic activities--their work has had a far-reaching impact
on our culture.
Old types for new machines
The designers - I
- Frederic Goudy
- Bruce Rogers
- Rudolf Koch
- William Addison Dwiggins
- Eric Gill
- Victor Hammer
- Stanley Morison
- Hans (Giovanni) Mardersteig
- Jan van Krimpen
- Georg Trump
- Joseph Blumenthal
- Robert Hunter Middleton
- Jan Tschichold
- Berthold Wolpe
- Roger Excoffon
New types for new machines
The designers - II
- Herman Zapf
- Aldo Novarese
- José Mendoza y Almeida
- Adrian Frutiger
- Matthew Carter
- Gerard Unger
- Sumner Stone
- Robert Slimbach
- Carol Twombly
Twentieth century type designers